“What’s the difference between FDA emergency use authorization and full approval? It’s really time and money,” infectious disease specialist and epidemiologist Dr. Céline Gounder told CNN on Saturday.
“But for some people, seeing a full approval from the FDA will indeed give them more confidence that these vaccines are safe and effective — and look, they are safe and effective,” she added.
The FDA “will move as expeditiously as possible,” without compromising its safety standards, to assess Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccine for approval, White House Covid-19 response coordinator Jeff Zients said Friday.
More than 112 million Americans — nearly 34% of the population — are fully vaccinated, CDC data shows.
White House Covid leader says US ‘turning the corner’
Zients told Jake Tapper on CNN’s “State of the Union” Sunday that the country is “turning the corner” on the pandemic — but stressed the importance of all Americans getting vaccinated.
He noted that President Joe Biden set a goal of having 70% of adult Americans vaccinated by July 4.
“We’re at 58% today. So we’ve got a path ahead of us,” he said.
Zients said that despite some mask fatigue, Americans should continue to follow the science when it comes to wearing masks indoors, and wait for new guidance from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention before changing their habits.
“We all want to get back to a normal life style. I think we’re on the path to do that, but stay disciplined, and let’s take advantage of the new privileges of being vaccinated and not wearing masks outdoors for example, unless you’re in a crowded place,” he said.
The US will likely back to normal by next Mother’s Day, if enough people get vaccinated against Covid-19, Dr. Anthony Fauci said Sunday.
“I hope that next Mother’s Day, we’re going to see a dramatic difference than what we’re seeing right now,” Fauci said in an ABC News interview. “I believe that we will be about as close to back to normal as we can.”
There are some conditions, Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, noted.
“We’ve got to make sure that we get the overwhelming proportion of the population vaccinated. When that happens, the virus doesn’t really have any place to go,” he said. “You’re not going to see a surge. You’re not going to see the kinds of numbers we see now.”
US official: Vaccine confidence only one piece of puzzle
But confidence in the vaccines is only “one piece of the puzzle,” when it comes to the challenges the US faces in its vaccination efforts, US Surgeon General Dr. Vivek Murthy said during a White House Covid-19 briefing on Friday.
“The barriers to getting vaccinated fall into three main categories,” he said. “Vaccine confidence, motivation and access.”
And local, state and federal efforts are ongoing, he said, which aim to address all three pieces.
“I know it’s been a difficult year and that everyone in our country has been asked to step up and sacrifice in a big way,” Murthy said. “I want to be clear that this pandemic will end. The faster we get vaccinated, the faster that day will come.”
J&J pause ‘cast a shadow’ on vaccinations
But the recommendation to pause had its own effects.
“(The) Johnson & Johnson pause did cast a shadow over the momentum that we had gained,” Dr. Jayne Morgan, clinical director of the Piedmont Healthcare Covid Task Force, said.
Two weeks after the J&J recommended pause was lifted, that vaccine accounts for a very small share of doses administered in the US — and the current pace of administration lags significantly from the pace before the pause, CDC data shows.
Over seven days, the J&J vaccine accounted for just about 3.5% of total doses administered, according to data published Friday by the CDC.
Boosters will likely be a reality, expert says
Meanwhile, the CDC is preparing for seasonal Covid-19 vaccine boosters in case they are needed, its chief said Friday, adding researchers are also looking into whether the US will need a booster that specifically works against certain coronavirus variants.
“We are doing the studies on boosters to see if we will need them,” CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky told actress Jennifer Garner in an interview streamed on Instagram. “We want to be prepared for them should we need them.”
Potential Covid-19 boosters could be offered in a similar way to the annual flu vaccine, Walensky said.
“We hope we don’t have to do it every season, but we’re preparing in case we do,” she added.
“I think most likely, we are going to be recommending boosters,” Swaminathan told CNN Saturday.
CNN’s Virginia Langmaid, Lauren Mascarenhas, Deidre McPhillips and Naomi Thomas contributed to this report.