Tokyo Olympics to Bar Spectators From Overseas to Stem Covid-19 Risk

TOKYO—Spectators from overseas will be barred from attending the Summer Olympics in Tokyo, organizers of the event said, a move to reduce the possibility of spreading of the coronavirus at the Games and boost tepid support for the event among Japanese.

The Tokyo Games are set to open on July 23, a year later than planned after the pandemic forced a delay. A decision on spectator levels for those in Japan will be made in April, the local organizers said.

Tickets sold to overseas spectators will be refunded, the organizers said. Around 600,000 tickets have been sold to people based outside Japan and about 4 million to people in Japan.

“Our first priority was, is and remains the safety of all participants of the Olympic Games, and of course the Japanese people to whom we owe so much respect,” International Olympic Committee President

Thomas Bach


Japan has been far less affected than the U.S. and many western countries by the coronavirus, with fewer than 9,000 deaths. The spread of new variants of the virus has deepened concern in Japan that an influx of visitors for the Olympics could accelerate Covid-19 cases.

Public opinion polls have consistently shown a majority of Japanese would prefer the Games to be postponed again or canceled rather than held this year. Worries about the spread of the virus are the top concern.

A mid-March poll by the Mainichi newspaper found 49% of respondents wanted the Games postponed or canceled, while 45% were open to holding them this year as scheduled. Of the latter group, most thought foreign spectators should be barred. The poll didn’t give a margin of error.

Japan has only just begun its vaccine rollout, but organizers of the Games have said they would have sufficient social distancing and hygiene measures to control the spread of the virus. The IOC has said it would like athletes to be vaccinated.

Norio Sugaya, an infectious-disease specialist at Keio University in Tokyo, said that even if people coming from abroad for the Olympics are limited to athletes, support staff, media and other essential participants, infections could spread and lead to a few hundred Olympic-related deaths. “Everyone wonders whether this is something that we need to do by shouldering such a risk?” he said.


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The organizers didn’t say what would happen to the refunded tickets, but they could allow for overall spectator levels at the event to be lowered to reduce the risk of virus transmission. Any reduction in ticket revenue would be a blow to the Japanese organizers, who have budgeted on receiving over $800 million from ticket sales.

Businesses that already have been hit hard by the coronavirus, such as hotels and restaurants, will lose out on revenue from foreign tourists coming to Japan for the Games.

Tokyo 2020 Chief Executive Officer

Toshiro Muto

said the local organizers aren’t intending to cover cancellation fees for any flights and accommodation booked by overseas spectators. He also said that guests of sponsors of the Games might be able to attend the event if they are involved in helping with Olympic operations but not if they are solely spectators.

Japan has pushed to save the Tokyo 2020 Olympics this summer. WSJ’s Alastair Gale reports from Tokyo. (Published Feb. 5, 2021) Photo: Eugene Hoshiko/Associated Press

Events leading up to the Games are scheduled to begin March 25 with the start of the Olympic torch relay around Japan that will end with the opening ceremony. The buildup to the Games has been overshadowed in recent weeks by the resignation of the president of Tokyo 2020 and the creative director for the opening and closing ceremonies following sexist remarks.

New Tokyo 2020 President

Seiko Hashimoto

said a recent modest uptick in new virus cases in Japan contributed to the move to bar spectators coming from abroad for the Games. “In order to make sure that we do not create a burden on the medical system we had to make this decision,” Ms. Hashimoto said.

The agreement was completed at a meeting between Mr. Bach, Ms. Hashimoto, Japan’s Olympic minister, the governor of Tokyo and the chief of the International Paralympic Committee. It had been expected after government officials told major Japanese media recently they would block spectators from abroad.

Write to Alastair Gale at

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