The New Rules for Night Owl Workers


Christopher Gang was hired in April 2020 as a software engineer at a health-care tech startup called Cured. Since college, he has done his best work late at night. In his new, fully remote role, with no office commute, he embraced this fact for the first time in his professional life.

“My sweet spot is 2 or 3 in the morning, but if I get into a flow state, I’ll just let myself stay up until 6 or 7 a.m.,” says the 24-year-old, who lives in Dallas. But he kept his night-owlishness to himself for about three months.

“Even if I was working late, I wouldn’t communicate that per se,” he says. He believes a stigma exists against late risers that can affect their professional standing. “But once I gained the trust of my manager, I was allowed to be more flexible.” Now he openly burns the midnight oil and doesn’t worry if his colleagues know.

In our age of remote work, many jobs have never been so untethered from the 9-to-5 paradigm. And a lot of night owls, who do their best work later in the day, are thriving.

But it’s not quite a 24/7 free-for-all. Many newly liberated late workers like Mr. Gang are navigating how to balance their habits with bosses and colleagues who work on more traditional daytime schedules. They’re also trying to avoid burnout themselves.

Being a night owl isn’t just a personal preference. People really have different chronotypes, or tendencies to be more wakeful at certain stretches of the day, based on their bodies’ circadian rhythms. A 2020 study of 8,395 Chinese people found that about 17% of them exhibited “evening” chronotypes, and 11% exhibited “morning” ones. Other studies from the U.S., Saudi Arabia, and the Czech Republic reveal a similar skew of more night owls than morning larks in any given population.

The past year of pandemic-induced lockdowns and stay-at-home orders around the world has created a “real-life experiment that’s amazing to observe,” says Elise Facer-Childs, a sleep researcher at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. “In general, what we’ve been seeing is that, when people are given more flexibility, they shift their schedules a little bit later,” she says.

She says a lot of her work entails raising awareness about chronotype differences, to which traditional office schedules can sometimes be hostile.

Many once-suffering workers say that the past year has been a relief.

Megan Ingram, a digital strategist in Washington, D.C., and lifelong night owl, says that late-night strategy sessions last summer gave her the courage to launch her own consulting firm in September.

Megan Ingram says late-night strategy sessions helped her launch her own consulting business in September.



Photo:

Imagery by Breezy

“Days can be hectic with meetings, so I do a lot of creative heavy lifting at night,” she says. “After I spent a few late nights writing a business plan, the dominoes fell from there.”

Many other pandemic-era night owls are parents, especially those of young children, who appreciate the ability to work late in the age of remote schooling and diminished day care.

“I had a daughter right before the pandemic started, so my night-owl tendencies came in handy to take some of the load off my partner,” says Jeffrey Baker, a voice actor and animator in Kennesaw, Ga., who started working remotely in March.

The New Rules for Night Owl Workers

Jeffrey Baker takes care of a young child during the day, so he tends to do his animating work late at night.



Photo:

Hollywood Headshots, Buckhead, GA

He says he has been honest with his superiors at a casino company where he works as an animator about both his schedule preferences and daytime child-care responsibilities. “They know that I’m doing my work mostly at night,” he says. His peak working hours are from 10 p.m. to 2 a.m.

Transparency is essential for night-owl workers anywhere, says Andrea Valeria, a career specialist for remote workers based in Mexico City. “You should be very open about your business hours up front,” she says. (She usually starts her own workday at 2 p.m.)

The New Rules for Night Owl Workers

Remote-work specialist Andrea Valeria says it’s essential to communicate your schedule preferences with your team.



Photo:

J. Elizabeth Photography

Mr. Gang, in Dallas, adds that being a good night-owl employee has a learning curve, and keeping up appearances with co-workers is important.

“For a couple of meetings early on, I may have woken up just a few minutes before, after pulling a late night and clearly still had this ‘sleep fog’ in my face in our video meetings,” he admits. “Now I know that if I have my first meeting at 11 or 12, I’ll get up an hour before and allow myself time to freshen up and drink coffee.”

For night owls whose meetings tend to start earlier than noon, adding one’s preferred evening work hours to a full slate of daytime meetings with colleagues and constant Slack messages may create longer work days than ever. Ms. Ingram avoids emailing late at night so that her clients don’t expect her to be constantly available.

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Some late risers will have to face the opposite problem when they return to traditional offices in the post-vaccine world. For them, it’s not impossible to readjust the body clock, says Dr. Facer-Childs, the sleep researcher. She helped run a 2019 study on 22 night owls and managed to shift their sleep cycle back by about two hours over the course of three weeks.

Her team found that several lifestyle changes, including eating breakfast soon after waking, avoiding caffeine after 3 p.m., and maximizing outdoor light exposure in the morning, all helped the participants wake earlier. She cautions any night owls attempting a similar change to allow themselves some time to adjust.

Most subjects found that the first week is the hardest, Dr. Facer-Childs says. I for one—an incorrigible night owl who finished my draft of this column around 11 p.m.—will be keeping that in mind.

Work Smarter at Night

Work and sleep experts and seasoned night-owl workers suggest some best practices for those who wish to keep working late in 2021 with minimum drama:

Schedule emails: Use apps and features like Boomerang for Gmail or delayed messages in Outlook that help you send emails hours or days after you write them.

Communicate your preferences: Tell your boss and colleagues that you tend to work late so they aren’t alarmed to realize you’ve been tooling around with a spreadsheet at midnight.

Set boundaries: If you work when others sleep, you may need some daytime downtime. Ms. Ingram tends to schedule two “no-call” days in the week with no morning meetings so she can truly get a late start and not simply work an extra-long day all the time.

Work your way up: Setting your preferred schedule can be an earned privilege, even in the age of remote work, so be mindful of your role, performance and work history before you ask for concessions like fewer morning meetings.

Write to Krithika Varagur at krithika.varagur@wsj.com

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